Microneedle sensor arrays – a new stage in the development of therapeutic drug monitoring  (TDM)
  • In the world economy hundreds of billions of dollars are spent relief of various negative effects of medication .

  • Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) provides a personalized approach to the dosage of medication, taking into account the individual reactions and characteristics of the patient's body, which significantly reduces the likelihood of overdose and ensures the rational use of medication .

Hollow silicon microneedles array with integrated biosensors is an effective and painless tool for individual TDM